Expedition in Nepal
Mount Makalu Expedition lies in the eastern part of Nepal. It rises to (8463m) above the sea level. Mr. Jean Couzy from France scaled Mt. Makalu for the first time on May 15, 1955 via West Face. It is the world's fifth highest peak and situated 14 miles east of Mount Everest between Everest and Kanchenjunga, on the Nepali-Tibetan border. The Japanese climbed Makalu in 1970, another French team climbed it in 1971 and a Yugoslav expedition reached the summit in 1975. In 1976 Spanish and Czechoslovakian teams joined up near the summit.
Climbing Route: Mt. Makalu has fixed five routes by every expedition team and four variations along with other interesting opportunities like the West Face, the Northeast from Nepal and North Flanks from Tibet. Our trek follows one of the most remote and unfrequented areas of Nepal. Starting to fly to Biratnagar and drive to Hile where we start to walk towards Arun River, we walk through the snow, rain and cloud prone Kauma. Base Camp is just south of the snout of the Barun Glacier at an elevation of 4823m. Finally, after the climbing of Mt. Makalu expedition, our trip will finish at Tumlingtar plateau where we take plane to fly in to Kathmandu directly
* Rim of the Kathmandu valley excursion
* Scenic mountain flight Kathmandu to Tumlingtar and return Kathmandu
* Summit Mount Makalu (8463m), the 5th highest mountain in the world.
* Magnificent view of Mt Kanchenjunga to the east and Mt Shishapangma to the west with several snow topped chain of mountains in between.
* Opportunity to explore the less visited areas of Makalu-Barun National Park
- Day 01: Arrive in Kathmandu (1317m)
- Day 02: Valley excursion, official procedure and other arrangements for expedition
- Day 03: Valley excursion, official procedure and other arrangements for expedition
- Day 04: Kathmandu fly to Tumlingtar (460m) and trek to Khandbari (1020m)
- Day 05: Khandbari trek to Chichila (1840m)
- Day 06: Chichila trek to Num (1490m)
- Day 07: Num trek to Sedua (1540m)
- Day 08: Sedua trek to Tashi Gaon (2020m)
- Day 09: Tashi Gaon trek to Kahuma Danda (3560m)
- Day 10: Kahuma Danda trek to Mumbuk (3550m)
- Day 11: Mumbuk trek to Nehe Kharka (3600m)
- Day 12: Nehe Kharka trek to Makalu base camp (4810m)
- Day 13-14: Climbing training period - how to use Oxygen, mask and regulator
- Day 15-44: Climbing Period of Mount Dhaulagiri: Camp – I (5400m), Camp II (6400m), Camp III (6900m), and Camp IV (7500m) Summit (8463m).
- Day 45: Clean up base camp
- Day 46: trek to Yangle Kharka (3600m)
- Day 47: Yangle Kharka trek to Dobato (3550m)
- Day 48: Dobato trek to Tashi Gaon (2070m)
- Day 49: Tashi Gaon trek to Num (1500m)
- Day 50: Num trek to Mani Bhanjyang (1100m)
- Day 51: Mani Bhanjyang trek to Tumlingtar (460m)
- Day 52: Tumlingtar fly to Kathmandu (1317m)
- Day 55: Departure day
|Trip Duration||55 Days|
|Trip code||NAP-MAK - 421|
|Trip Start/Ends||Kathmandu-Tumlingtar/Tumlingtar- Kathmandu|
|Maximum Altitude||Summit (8463m)|
|Trip Cost||On Request|
|Group Size||Minimum 2 upto 12 passengers|
|Accessibillity||45 minute fly to Tumlingtar round trip flight from Kathmandu|
|The Route||Kathmandu – Tumlingtar – Chichila – Num - Mumbuk – Makalu Base Camp – Summit – Tumlintar – Kathmandu.|
|Permit Fee||Mt. Makalu Expedition USD 1800 on Spring season, USD 900 on Autumn season, USD 450 on Winter/Summer|
|Trip Valid||This offer is valid on reservations made from September through December 31, 2018.|
|Trip Facilities||Standard hotel in city, teahouse/lodges and tented accommodation during the climbing period.|
- Fee: Royalty fee of Makalu expedition, national park entrance permit & TIMS card
- Activities: Sightseeing, trekking and expedition as per the guideline itinerary.
- Equipment: All necessary camping equipments, kitchen utilizes upto higher camp for members, staffs and common climbing equipment such as ropes, ice screws, ice bar, pitons, etc.
- Accommodation: 6 night’s hotel accommodation in a tourist class hotel in Kathmandu and 48 nights lodges/tent during trekking and expedition period.
- Food: Full board on tented [/lieakfast, lunch and dinner] during the trekking and expedition upto Makalu base camp and 6 /lieakfasts and one farewell Dinner in Kathmandu
- Staffs: Trekking Leader/Guide, high altitude Sherpa, Liaison officer and necessary supporter for expedition
- Transportation: Arrival/Departure transfer and surface road-head transportation by land transportation and Scheduled flight Kathmandu - Tumlingtar – Kathmandu for members, staffs, Liaison officer and gear cargo air transportation.
- Company and Government’s service charge: All applicable Government taxes and official service charges. And food, air and road-head transportation, equipments, daily allowance for climbing Sherpa, Liaison officer, cook, kitchen boy, insurance for climbing Sherpas, Liaison officer, cook, Kitchen boy, local porters, Walkie-talkie for each member for use during the course of the expedition, Generator or Solar panel at base camp for power supply and Gamow bag at the base camp.
- International flight and departure taxes
- Original entry visa into Nepal
- Lunch and dinner while in city
- Bar bills & Beverages
- Personal travel insurance covering such as travel, accident, medical and emergency evacuation.
- Related charges for communication equipment and filming applied as per regulation
- Nepal custom duty for import of expedition goods arriving into Nepal by air/road cargo.
- Expenses of personal nature such as drinks, laundry, postage, telephone calls etc.
- Oxygen & Mask regulator
- High altitude food and fuel above base camp.
- Personal climbing gear and equipment above base camp
- Nepal custom duty for import of expedition goods arriving to Nepal by air or road.
- Garbage fee (Refundable)
- Tips/Gratuities for trekking and expedition crews
- All monastery & temple entrance fee, while you are in city sightseeing
- Optional activities
- And unforeseen expenses which are out of control by Nepal Adventure Point
Arrival Information: We don't expect any problems, and nor should you, but if for any reason you are unable to commence your trip as scheduled, as soon as possible please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call us at +9779851050327 as emergency contact. Our airport representative will be waiting with your Name or Nepal Adventure Pointsign on it. Please check carefully once you exit the baggage hall as there seem to be hundreds of people waiting outside in the arrival gate and have not made contact with our representative within 30 minutes , we recommend that you make your own way to the hotel and we will pay you back taxi cost if this occurs.
Pre-meeting and trip briefing: On this expeditions, we give a short brief about Mt. Makalu Expedition trip at hotel on the same day of your arrival and introduce by your group leader and team members. At the mean time, we will provide an opportunity for individuals to ask questions about your trip. Pre-trip meeting covers the information regarding the personal equipment, acclimatization among others. We believe that pre-trip meeting is very important in order to better preparation of the trip.
Important Stuffs: Makalu Expedition permits and National park permit required for Makalu Expedition trip so we suggest you to post us 8 passport-size photos copies of passport & visa (If you already have), insurance policy. You should also have contact numbers of next to kin, Bank and insurance company and your travel agent/ flight booking office.
Traveller Require: Traveller must carry a valid travel document i.e. Passport, visa, Re-entry Permit etc. Nepal Adventure Point is not responsible for lost or stolen personal items and also will not be responsible for any liability due to travel document. Once programmed is booked clients are requested to send us the following details 3 weeks before you arrival to Kathmandu.
Full Name as Passport:
Passport issue Date:
Passport Expiry Date:
Date of Birth:
Passport photo copy:
8 copy of passport size photos
Accommodation: On Makalu Expedition itinerary is a mixture of lodges and tents accommodations while you are on the mountain. Actually trekking part we accommodate on teahouse lodges and has been chosen according their eco-friendliness, best location, hygiene and friendly nature. On climbing section will accommodate with comfortable two men camping tent, foam mattress. We maintain standard & comfort in every means with best of our knowledge, experiences and costs. All accommodations on trekking/climbing lodge & tent is based on twin share. We provide standard hotels in Kathmandu like hotel Manang/Marshyangdi or similar category with breakfast.
Meals: All meals and an assortment of snacks are provided during the Makalu Expedition. The high quality of food that we eat in the mountains is often surprising for first time visitors to Nepal expedition and it is rare to not look forward to a meal. Our kitchen teams shall take responsible for the food arrangements up to the expedition base camp and there might be a kitchen established at the high camp, depending on the condition. For the climb above the base camp, clients are requested to bring their own food of high caloric value, cooking utensils and the fuel.
Snacks: While the food in the mountains is excellent, it is nice to bring along a few of your favorite snacks and drink mixes to enjoy after a long day. We recommend that climbers bring 2 - 3 lbs of their absolute favorite snacks and comfort foods to have throughout the expedition.
On the trek, our lunches vary depending on the day. Some days we may stop at a teahouse and have a proper sit down lunch before continuing on to our lodge for the evening. On other days we may walk directly to our destination and have a late lunch there. As a result, you will want to have a few snack items with you everyday to fuel you up the trail. While climbing, our lunches and snacks operate on a more flexible schedule as we continually snack to keep our energy levels up while we climb - lunch begins just after breakfast and ends just before dinner!
The importance of having snacks foods that are genuinely enjoyed cannot be overstated. Eating properly is the key to maintaining strength while in the mountains. In order to combat the loss of appetite at altitude we aim to have a variety of foods that stimulate the whole palate, from sweet to sour to salty.
Recommended snack items: dry salami, smoked salmon, Jerky (turkey, beef, fish), small cans of tuna fish, individually wrapped cheeses such as Laughing Cow or Baby Bell, crackers, bagels, candy bars, hard candies (Jolly Ranchers, Toffees, Life Savers), Gummy Bears, Sour candies (Sweet Tarts), cookies, dried fruit, nuts, energy bars, GORP mixes, and drink mixes (Gatorade/Kool-Aid).
Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner: The quality of food that we eat in the mountains is often surprising for first time visitors. It is rare to not look forward to a meal. Breakfast during the trek consists of most typical breakfast items. Eggs, toast, hash browns, corn flakes, muesli, oatmeal, pancakes and the local specialties of chapatti and Tibetan bread are all common menu items. Breakfast meats like sausage are also sometimes found. Breakfast is accompanied by juice, coffee, tea, cocoa and other hot drinks.
Lunch and dinner options in the teahouses include a variety of choices. Soups (commonly tomato, vegetable, noodle, or hearty "Sherpa stew") and momos are excellent starters. Main courses like chicken and yak dishes, pastas, pizzas, and even fries are served alongside vegetable fried rice or noodles and Nepali specialties such as Dal Bhat (Rice and lentils). Be sure to save room for a dessert such as apple pie, chocolate cake, or "snickers pie"! Soft drinks, beer, and wine are also widely available, although they are priced at a premium the higher you trek.
Experience Required: On Makalu Expedition is being one of the world’s 14 above eight thou-sander high mountains, demands the best quality of technical equipments and highly motivated technically sound climber’s team. This mountain is also one of the most technically difficult and open to all individuals in excellent physical conditions who have prior knowledge of rope travel on rock and ice climbing and technically competent. On most parts of the routes there will be fixed rope, however, the climbers should posses skills to climb through steep rock and hard water ice.
Fitness for Mountaineering: Mountaineering is a tough endurance sport, and the importance of good conditioning cannot be overstated. In training, we want to mirror, as best we can, the physical activities that we will be performing in the mountains. Your primary focus should be gaining the necessary strength and stamina needed to go up and down steep slopes with a backpack.
It is imperative that you undertake a rigorous conditioning program prior to your trip and arrive in top physical shape. Here are some proven suggestions to get you ready for the physical challenge.
Start training immediately. The more time you have to get in shape, the better.
Cardiovascular training (such as running and cycling) and strength and endurance training (such as weight training and stair climbing) should both be included in your program.
Start cardiovascular training by running, biking, and hill climbing, or using step machines. Try exercising for an hour or more per session, and keep your heart rate and respirations at a reasonably high level, without over doing it. 3-4 long training sessions per week are going to be more beneficial than short daily workouts. The intensity of your workout should reflect the level of effort we anticipate needing to climb the last 1,000' to the summit.
Begin your strength training by working on muscle groups used in mountaineering. Specifically, you want to target your quadriceps, calves, hamstrings, back and shoulder muscles.
There is no better training for mountaineering than up and downhill hiking. Get outside and go on extended hikes with a weighted backpack 2-3 times per week. Try hiking for 60-90 minutes at a time with a 10-15 minute break after each segment. Begin your training program with a 20-25 pound pack and work up gradually to the approximate weight expected to be carried on the climb. If there are no hills nearby, stairs work fine for training, especially if you can find a taller multiple storied buildings or stadium steps. When working out in a gym, use stair stepping machines and treadmills with a weighted pack. Additionally, treadmills raised up to the full 15 degrees will be more beneficial than running on relatively flat terrain.
Bottom line: Plan on being in the best shape of your life!
This sounds like a lot of work... and it is. With our daily schedules busy with family, work, and other important commitments, it can be difficult to set aside time for training. But being physically prepared for your climb is the single most important thing you can do to increase your chances of standing on the summit. It's also more enjoyable.
Leadership: Believing that every successful trip has been possible because of the team work, on Makalu Expedition are led by experienced and professional mountaineers and guides who have scaled the mountain several times supported by other crew members and all the necessary logistics for the expedition. Not only in terms of qualification, but we also make it sure that our leaders have proven track of record in climbing high altitude mountains. The number of guides is chosen according to the team size to maximize every individual climber’s chance of making it to the summit without compromising the safety aspect. Our expedition leaders are also equipped with the expertise in handling altitude related problems including acute mountain sickness (AMS) symptoms. The crew members are experts in setting up tents and camps, melting snow on the route, cooking, and other daily needs.
Health & Experience Required: A previous high altitude climbing experience is essential. Work together as a team so that all members reach the top safely. Members need to have experience in being part of a team, working toward a common goal, and be ready to work with the group and be a good team-player. The oxygen level over 7,000m is only 40% of what it is at the sea level. The weather is never fully predictable. The climbers must have years of prior experience on rock and ice climbing especially above 7,000m. You also need to feel confident and comfortable ascending or descending on fixed ropes along a steep technical terrain. Remember, your actions affect not only your own, but welfare of the entire team.
Team Composition: Team composition is important to ensure safety and comfort of the climbers. We observe high safety standards, therefore we have climbing, High altitudes assistance Sherpa, Cook, base camp assistance and other necessary trek crew such Porters, Yaks and Yak man Because of our high safety standards, team members would be added as per the number of international climbers.
Responsible Tourism Concept: Nepal Adventure Point is taking concern of economy, social, environment and culture while running its trips. Our staffs are trained on this and try for minimum impact on the natural environment and native peoples. We try to support local economy by using their products, making aware and our clients will have to respect the local culture and traditions. We always try to make the areas more cleaner and friendly environments after we travel. This is possible by your understanding and our trained crews.
Health and Experience Required: You need very good stamina for a long day and climbing effort while you are climbing any high expedition. You can climb some of trekking peak without any climbing training or course and skills of using climbing equipment but knowledge on using equipment and previous experience would be helpful although not compulsory because a pre-ice climbing training is provided to you by our climbing Sherpa guide in base camp to make you skillful on using mountain climbing gears such as ropes, ice pick, harness, crampons. Normally, high expedition usually requires normally 5-6 hours of walking everyday and some days even 8-10 hours- such as in summiting day. We suggest you to get prepared with about 10-12 kilometers of walking or jogging exercise every day before a month of your climbing trip, you are considering walking in high altitude and remote area for many days and around five hours most of the days. To join the any high expedition peak climbing trip with a good chance of success, you must have: Lots of self-control, reasonable fitness and good stamina with sound health. It is very important that participants with pre-existing medical problems or conditions make these known to Nepal Adventure Point at the time of booking. Medical and evacuation expenses are the responsibility of her/him. It is also important that you better to consult with your doctor before you departure to your destination.
Acclimatization: Keep in mind that you will be reaching at goal destination during the journey to the top of the desired Makalu Expedition. Walking fast at such elevation could lead to medical complications (Acute Mountain Sickness) which could be serious. There is less oxygen compared to sea level in high-altitudes places. The higher, altitude will be the less oxygen in air. Your body needs a days to acclimatize to this environment, which is why we will stop a day rest in trails-head destination and the base camp. Although we provide information regarding AMS insurance, the only option for treatment is descending (evacuation). We advise that clients with known heart, lung or blood diseases, or clients over the age of 60 to discuss with their doctor before traveling with us. Symptoms of AMS include mild to severe headaches, dizziness, fever, loss of appetite or stomach pain; it is important to alert our staff if you are feeling poorly to ensure that illness does not progress.
There are ways of helping the acclimatization process, as described below:
Walk slowly: there is plenty of time included in the itinerary so there is no need to rush, go at your own pace and enjoy the incredible views!
Drinks lots of water: it is easier for your body to acclimatize when hydrated so drink water and avoid coffee, tea and alcohol.
Consider taking Diamox (Acetazolamide): before using this drug we recommend consulting a doctor and thoroughly researching the pros and cons.
Expedition Preparation: For the trekking you do not need to be a super athlete nor a mountaineer but a few weeks of training, yours pre-exercise or some hiking arriving in Nepal, will suffice for this trekking. But you need enough preparation for the any high expedition and peak climbing in Nepal. The climbing period for most of the high expedition rarely exceeds more than a few weeks so large amounts of base camp equipment are not usually required. Also, due to their relatively low altitude, the amount of climbing equipment required is proportionally less. In general, preparation for high expedition is little different from preparing for a trekking peak climbing. It won’t be more enjoyable spending the trip of a lifetime struggling to walk the trails every day when a little sensible preparation before you arrive would make the trails so much more rewarding and entire life time experience.
So, it is important to be in physical good condition and mentally preparation before you start high expedition or other mountains activities in Nepal. Try to spend an hour a day hiking and batter to take alpine climbing course in ice and rock, even our climbing guide give training about how to climb and practical some climbing technique. Most of day’s running a few miles is probably the best single physical activity, which will hand for your trip. While on the training period you may also be breaking in those new trekking boats that may otherwise give you blisters on the first day out on the trail. Who are planning to climb high expedition need to be physically very fit.
It will be good if you try to find out as much as possible about Nepal’s customs especially about the particular trip that you have planned before arriving. We are always happy to give you information with updated facts.
Packing list: While packing for trekking and Climbing, warm clothing is important to ensure comfort and safety, while non-essential gear such as a knife may simply come in handy. Here we have a suggested packing list to guide you in preparation:
Trekking and Climbing Equipment
* Trekking, climbing boots
* Sandals for Camp
* Water bottle
* Swiss army knife
* Flashlight with spare batteries
* Sunglasses and Sun cream
* Personal medical supplies
* Wind proof down jacket
* Woolen T-shirt/base layer
* Shorts / skirt for sunny days
* Thermal long underwear
* Day pack, Rucksack or Duffel bag Warm woolen hat
* A thick pullover/fleece
* Trousers / track suit or long pants
* Warm socks
* Sun protection hate
* Harness and Crampons
* Ice-axe and Safety Rope
* Climbing Boots
* Carabineer locks and unlock
* Ascent and Descanter Zoomer
* Expedition quality Sleeping bag and Jacket
* Fixed Rope – 250m
* Main Rope - 50m
* Snow Bar -5
* Ice Hammer-1
* Tent (2men)
Trip Members' Responsibility: Trip members have the responsibility to select a trip appropriate to their abilities and interests. We are also happy to discuss the trip with you. Trip members are responsible for preparing for the trip by studying the detailed itinerary and for bringing the appropriate clothing and equipment as advised.
Travel Insurance: All participants in a Nepal Adventure Point trek must have travel insurance. This will protect you against the risk of comprehensive expenses which may result due to medical emergencies or accidents. This insurance should include air ambulance, helicopter rescue, and treatment costs. Please be noted that we don't arrange or sell insurance and it is best to arrange this in your home country.
Rescue and Emergency Evacuation: In the case of a serious sickness or a casualty, which we believe will not happen; you shall be rescued by a helicopter. Since you are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation please make sure that it is covered by your insurance before assigning for it or be prepared to pay on your own after getting back in Kathmandu. If you have no communication equipments, ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. While asking for the helicopter, you are required to send name of the sick person and exact location from where helicopter can airlift you.
Note: Do not leave the place although you are getting better once you have ordered helicopter.
Tipping: It's not compulsory but tipping the porters and guides is customary and always greatly appreciated. A rough guideline is US$ 5-7 per person a day for trekking and Climbing guide and US$ 4-6 per person a day for the team supporters, however if you wish to tip more that is always welcome.
Note: If the Makalu Expedition will be finished earlier than the estimated itinerary or cancell/ed the expedition due to any reason, the expedition package cost will not be refundable. Incase if some of the member are fallen sick during the expedition tenure and return to Kathmandu personally, they should bear all of the travel expenses to Kathmandu by them self. The company will not be responsible for there sickness and cancelled expenses.
Member are allowed to carry only up to 60KG climbing gears and food along with them and the which includes in the package cost, but if the members climbing gears are more than 60 KG than they should pay extra USD 350.00 for per porter or pack animals load by them selves.